The primary purpose of the role of an Environmental Consultant is to assess and evaluate the impact and environmental impact likely to result from a specific project/product/activity or service/development. Often, Environmental Consultants will advise on output/results verses environmental implications and improvements. Fields of work may cross many different sectors and industries.
As well as looking at the environmental impacts, a Sustainability Consultant will often advise on a broader range of areas, such as social value, human rights and corporate responsibility.
The goal of an Environmental or Sustainability Consultant is, ultimately, to contribute to environmental/sustainability improvements through their assessment, findings and advice. This is done by detecting the causal effects of developments, activities and projects on the planet and its resources, and recommending actions to minimise or eliminate environmental damage.